How to read from ‘stdin’
In Python, you can read from standard input (stdin) using the ‘
sys.stdin‘ object. Here’s an example:
import sys for line in sys.stdin: # process the input print(line.strip())
This code sets up a loop that reads input from stdin one line at a time. The ‘
strip()‘ method is used to remove any whitespace characters (like newline characters) from the beginning and end of each line. You can replace ‘
print(line.strip())‘ with your own code to process the input as needed.
You can run this program from the command line and provide input using keyboard input. For example, you can run the program using the following command:
Then, you can enter input line by line using the keyboard, and the program will process the input and print it back out:
hello world hello world
Press Ctrl + D (Unix) or Ctrl + Z (Windows) to signal the end of input and exit the program.
Note that the behavior of ‘
sys.stdin‘ may depend on the platform and the way the program is executed (e.g., whether it is run from a terminal or a file). If you need more advanced input handling capabilities, you may want to consider using a library like ‘
argparse‘, or ‘
Other input methods in python
In Python, standard input (stdin) is a way to read input data from the command line or from another program. Here are some common types of input data that can be read from stdin in Python:
1.Keyboard input: You can read input from the keyboard by running a Python program from the command line and typing input on the keyboard. The input is typically terminated with the Enter key.
2.Piped input: You can pipe input data to a Python program from another program or from a file using the command line. For example, you can use the
cat command on Unix/Linux to read the contents of a file and pipe it to a Python program like this:
cat input.txt | python my_program.py
3. Redirected input: You can redirect input data to a Python program from a file using the command line. For example, you can use the ‘
<‘ operator on Unix/Linux to redirect the contents of a file to a Python program like this:
python my_program.py < input.txt
4. Programmatic input: You can also generate input data programmatically and pass it to a Python program using standard input. For example, you can use the ‘
subprocess‘ module in Python to run another program and pass input to it using standard input.
In Python, standard input is typically read using the ‘
sys.stdin‘ object, which provides a file-like interface for reading input. You can use the ‘
read()‘ or ‘
readline()‘ methods to read input from stdin. You can also use a loop to read input line by line, as shown in the example in my previous answer.
How to read from ‘stdout’
In Python, you can read data from standard output (stdout) using the ‘
sys.stdout‘ object and the ‘
input()‘ function. Here is an example code snippet:
import sys # write some data to stdout sys.stdout.write("Hello, world!\n") # read data from stdin data = input("Enter some data: ") # process the data print("You entered:", data)
In this example, the ‘
sys.stdout.write()‘ method is used to write the string “Hello, world!\n” to stdout. The ‘
input()‘ function is then used to read a line of data from stdin, and the resulting string is stored in the ‘
data‘ variable. Finally, the ‘
print()‘ function is used to output a message containing the data.
Note that ‘
sys.stdout.write()‘ writes the string directly to stdout, without adding a newline character at the end. If you want to write a newline character, you can add it to the string, like this: ‘
Also note that ‘
input()‘ reads input from stdin until it encounters a newline character ‘(
\n)’. If you need to read more than one line of input, you can use a loop to read multiple lines.